Top 12 Most Innovative Powered by the Apocalypse RPGs

The cover for Apocalypse World

The Powered by the Apocalypse (PbtA) system stands as a beacon of innovation and narrative depth. Conceived by Vincent and Meguey Baker for their groundbreaking game, Apocalypse World, the PbtA framework has since catalyzed a revolution in roleplaying game design. At its core, the system is elegantly simple, yet it offers a profound depth of narrative and character development that has attracted a diverse and passionate player base.

Games using the PbtA framework is not just about creating new settings or repackaging old tropes. It’s about reimagining what roleplaying games can be. It’s about designing games that challenge conventional mechanics, explore untapped narratives, and encourage players to engage with the game world in novel and meaningful ways. From post-apocalyptic wastelands and fantastical dungeons to the complex inner lives of monsters in high school, PbtA games span a vast array of genres and themes, each offering a unique take on what it means to participate in a shared story.

Core Principles of PbtA Games

The Powered by the Apocalypse (PbtA) system, while diverse in its applications, is rooted in a set of core principles that define its approach to roleplaying. These foundational mechanics are what set PbtA games apart from more traditional RPGs, emphasizing a narrative-first approach that fosters creativity and storytelling. Understanding these principles is key to grasping the appeal and versatility of PbtA games.

Fiction-First Gameplay

At the heart of PbtA is the concept of “fiction-first” gameplay. This means that the narrative context and the actions of characters drive the game mechanics, not the other way around. Decisions and dice rolls are made within the framework of the story being told, ensuring that the mechanics serve the narrative, rather than dictating it. This approach encourages players and game masters to think creatively about how their actions can influence the story, leading to a more immersive and dynamic gameplay experience.

Player Agency and Collaborative Storytelling

PbtA games empower players with a significant degree of agency, allowing them to shape the direction and outcome of the story in meaningful ways. This is facilitated through mechanics that give players control over certain aspects of the game world and narrative. Additionally, the Game Master’s (GM’s) role is more of a facilitator of the story rather than its sole architect, encouraging a collaborative storytelling environment where everyone contributes to the unfolding drama. This shared narrative responsibility results in a rich, player-driven story that evolves organically based on the characters’ actions and decisions.

Moves and Outcomes

Moves are the primary mechanism through which players interact with the game world in PbtA games. Each move is tied to specific actions or circumstances and dictates the possible outcomes of a player’s actions. Rather than binary success or failure, outcomes in PbtA games are often nuanced and include partial successes or successes with complications. This not only adds depth to the gameplay but also ensures that the narrative continues to move forward, regardless of the dice rolls, fostering a story that is both unpredictable and engaging.

Emphasis on Character Development

Character creation in PbtA games is deeply intertwined with the game’s narrative. Characters are designed with built-in relationships, motivations, and flaws that tie them directly to the story and to each other. This emphasis on character development ensures that personal growth and change are central to the gameplay experience, with characters’ arcs influencing and being influenced by the narrative. The mechanics of PbtA games often include specific triggers for character development, ensuring that characters evolve in response to the story’s events.

The Role of the Game Master

In PbtA games, the GM plays a unique role, acting more as a narrator and facilitator than a traditional adversary. The GM is tasked with presenting challenges and narrative hooks that are directly relevant to the characters’ stories and motivations. This approach requires the GM to be adaptive and responsive to players’ actions, weaving their decisions and outcomes back into the narrative. The result is a dynamic storytelling experience that is both cohesive and player-driven.

These core principles of PbtA games work in concert to create a roleplaying experience that is rich in narrative depth and character development. By emphasizing fiction-first gameplay, player agency, collaborative storytelling, nuanced outcomes, and character-driven narratives, PbtA games encourage creativity and innovation, both in the stories they tell and in the ways they are played.

The Innovators: A Selection of PbtA Games

The Powered by the Apocalypse (PbtA) system has inspired a remarkable array of RPGs, each taking the core principles of PbtA and pushing them in exciting new directions. This diversity is not just in the genres and settings, which range from post-apocalyptic wastelands to high school dramas populated by supernatural beings, but also in how these games reimagine what roleplaying can be. The following selection of PbtA games represents the forefront of this innovation, showcasing how flexible and dynamic the system truly is.

From the gritty streets of urban fantasy worlds to the far-flung adventures in space, the selected PbtA games offer a wide range of experiences. They tackle themes of identity, power, and community with sensitivity and depth, inviting players to immerse themselves in richly detailed worlds where their choices have meaningful impacts. These games are celebrated not only for the stories they tell but for how they tell them, leveraging the PbtA system to create gameplay experiences that are both engaging and thought-provoking.

Join us as we celebrate the innovators of the PbtA world, exploring the depths of creativity and narrative ingenuity that these games offer. Through their unique mechanics, settings, and approaches to storytelling, they exemplify the very best of what Powered by the Apocalypse games can be.

Apocalypse World

Apocalypse World, created by Vincent and Meguey Baker, is the seminal game that birthed the Powered by the Apocalypse (PbtA) engine, setting a new standard for narrative-driven roleplaying. Set in a gritty, post-apocalyptic landscape, the game thrusts players into a world of scarce resources, dangerous factions, and psychic maelstroms. Characters in Apocalypse World are defined not just by their skills or stats but by their relationships, their history, and their drive to exert influence over the chaotic world around them.

Apocalypse World’s innovation lies in its streamlined mechanics that prioritize story development and character interaction over complex rule sets. Moves, driven by narrative actions rather than arbitrary dice rolls, push the story forward in meaningful ways, ensuring that the gameplay is both dynamic and player-driven.The game introduced the concept of “playbooks,” which provide unique narratives and abilities for each character type, encouraging deep roleplay and personalized story arcs.

Apocalypse World’s emphasis on the collaborative creation of the game world and the narrative’s direction between players and GM has set a precedent for how roleplaying games can facilitate storytelling, making it a cornerstone of innovation in the RPG community.

Dungeon World

Dungeon World, by Adam Koebel and Sage LaTorra, takes the core mechanics of PbtA and transplants them into the beloved terrain of classic fantasy. By marrying the narrative-driven approach of PbtA with the dungeon crawling and adventuring of traditional fantasy RPGs, Dungeon World offers a fresh take on a familiar genre. Players embark on epic quests, confront monstrous foes, and uncover ancient treasures, all through a system that emphasizes story and character development over combat logistics and rule memorization.

Dungeon World’s innovation shines in how it simplifies the classic fantasy RPG experience without sacrificing depth or excitement. It democratizes the storytelling process, allowing players significant control over the narrative’s direction with the decisions they make and the actions they take. The game’s mechanics encourage creative problem-solving and collaboration, making every encounter and challenge an opportunity for story advancement.

Dungeon World also breaks down the barriers between character roles and abilities, enabling a fluidity in gameplay that keeps the focus on the narrative’s unfolding drama rather than rigid class systems. This innovative approach to fantasy roleplaying reinvigorates the genre, providing a template for how traditional RPG elements can be reimagined through a narrative-first lens.


Monsterhearts, designed by Avery Alder, takes players into the tumultuous world of teenage monsters, navigating the complex waters of identity, relationships, and societal expectations. This game uses the Powered by the Apocalypse framework to explore themes of adolescence, but with a supernatural twist. Players embody teenage monsters, each grappling with their monstrous nature while dealing with the all-too-human trials of high school, from unrequited love to struggling with their identity.

Monsterhearts is innovative in its approach to adolescence and personal growth, using the supernatural as a metaphor for the real challenges and changes teenagers face. The mechanics of the game, including the use of “strings” to represent emotional power over others and “conditions” that reflect how characters perceive one another, deeply integrate the themes of relationships and identity into the gameplay.

This focus on the emotional and relational landscape of the characters sets Monsterhearts apart, offering a nuanced and empathetic exploration of growing up different. It’s a game that doesn’t shy away from difficult topics, encouraging players and GMs to navigate the complexities of sexuality, consent, and power dynamics within a supportive and narrative-driven framework.

Masks: A New Generation

Masks: A New Generation, created by Brendan Conway, places players in the roles of young superheroes navigating their way through the challenges of coming of age while also saving the world. Set against the backdrop of Halcyon City, a metropolis teeming with superpowered beings, Masks focuses on the personal growth and identity crises of its protagonists. Unlike traditional superhero RPGs that might prioritize combat and powers, Masks delves into the narrative potential of being a young person with incredible abilities, exploring themes of identity, belonging, and legacy.

Masks stands out for its innovative exploration of identity, power, and relationships through the lens of young superheroes. The game’s mechanics, such as the “Labels” system, reflect the fluidity of the characters’ self-perception and how they are influenced by others, mirroring the real-life experience of teenagers forming their identities. The “Influence” mechanic further emphasizes the importance of relationships, highlighting how characters can affect each other’s views and actions.

Masks encourages players to confront questions of who they are, who they want to be, and how they fit into a world that has expectations of them as both teenagers and superheroes. This focus on the personal and relational aspects of heroism, coupled with the narrative-driven gameplay of the PbtA system, makes Masks a groundbreaking game that redefines what a superhero RPG can be.

Urban Shadows

Urban Shadows takes the Powered by the Apocalypse framework into the shadowy alleys and towering skyscrapers of urban fantasy. Set in a modern city teeming with supernatural politics, the game thrusts players into a world where vampires, werewolves, wizards, and ghosts vie for power, survival, and their place within the human society. Urban Shadows distinguishes itself with a setting that’s rich in narrative potential, drawing players into a complex web of alliances, betrayals, and political machinations.

What sets Urban Shadows apart is its innovative use of factions and city politics as central elements of gameplay and storytelling. The game employs a dynamic faction system that categorizes the various supernatural and human groups within the city, each with its own agendas and resources. Players navigate these turbulent waters, forming alliances with some factions while opposing others, all in the pursuit of their personal goals and the protection of their interests.

This focus on political intrigue and factional relationships encourages a depth of roleplaying that extends beyond personal narratives to include the broader societal and political structures of the game’s world. The result is a rich, engaging experience that mirrors the complexities of real-world politics and social dynamics, all within the captivating setting of urban fantasy.

Blades in the Dark

While Blades in the Dark by John Harper is not strictly a Powered by the Apocalypse game, its design owes much to the PbtA system, incorporating and evolving its principles to create something unique. It shares the narrative-driven, player-focused ethos of PbtA games, placing a strong emphasis on storytelling and character development. However, Blades in the Dark introduces its own set of innovative mechanics, designed to suit its dark, steampunk-inspired setting of Doskvol, a city rife with crime, ghostly hauntings, and industrial machinations.

Blades in the Dark’s most notable innovation lies in its mechanics surrounding crew operations and the management of criminal enterprises within the city of Doskvol. Players not only create individual characters but also collectively manage a criminal crew, making decisions about their operations, investments, and interactions with other factions in the city. This dual focus on personal and crew-level narratives allows for a rich, multi-layered storytelling experience suitable for long term campaigns.

The game also introduces a “flashback” mechanic, enabling players to address challenges in the narrative by describing how they’ve prepared for the situation in advance, thus keeping the action flowing and avoiding the need for excessive planning. These mechanics, combined with the game’s atmospheric setting, make Blades in the Dark a standout title that pushes the boundaries of what roleplaying games can be, drawing inspiration from the foundational elements of the Powered by the Apocalypse system to create a deeply immersive and innovative experience.

The Sprawl

The Sprawl is a Powered by the Apocalypse game that plunges players into the neon-lit, shadow-drenched world of cyberpunk. This game sets itself apart with a mission-based narrative focus, where players take on the roles of cybernetically enhanced operatives, hackers, and mercenaries working for—or against—the megacorporations that dominate the landscape. The Sprawl’s gameplay is centered around the planning and execution of high-stakes missions, ranging from corporate espionage to data heists, offering a direct and thrilling path into the heart of cyberpunk storytelling.

What makes The Sprawl innovative is not just its setting but its approach to the elements that define cyberpunk: technology, corporations, and espionage. The game system intricately weaves these elements into both the mechanics and the narrative, encouraging players to engage deeply with the world’s technological and corporate landscapes.

Tech isn’t just a tool; it’s a way of life that shapes identities, missions, and conflicts. Corporations are more than background entities; they are omnipresent forces with their own agendas, turning the urban sprawl into a battlefield of shadow wars and intrigue. This focus on the interplay between tech, corporate power, and espionage within the mission-based framework makes The Sprawl a standout title, offering a fresh and engaging take on cyberpunk roleplaying.

Night Witches

Night Witches is praised for its unique setting and premise, drawing from the real-life heroics of the all-female night bomber regiment of the Soviet Air Forces during World War II. This game offers players the chance to step into the shoes of these remarkable women, navigating not only the dangers of the war but also the challenges posed by the era’s gender roles and expectations. Night Witches is a tribute to their bravery and a deep dive into a lesser-known chapter of history, offering a rich and compelling backdrop for storytelling.

Night Witches innovates within the roleplaying genre by putting gender roles, war stories, and character dynamics at the forefront of its narrative. The game challenges players to confront and navigate the societal constraints placed on their characters, all while carrying out dangerous bombing missions against the Nazi forces. This dual focus on the external conflict of the war and the internal struggle against gender-based discrimination adds a layer of depth and complexity to the game. The mechanics support this by facilitating character development that reflects both the camaraderie and the tensions within the regiment, as well as the personal growth of the characters in the face of adversity.

Night Witches is a powerful exploration of gender, identity, and resilience, offering a unique and meaningful roleplaying experience that goes beyond the traditional war game narrative.

Sagas of the Icelanders

Sagas of the Icelanders is a Powered by the Apocalypse game that transports players back to the Viking Age, focusing on the lives and struggles of the early Icelandic settlers. This game stands out for its historical setting, richly detailed to reflect the complexities of 9th and 10th-century Icelandic society. Players take on the roles of men and women navigating the challenges of survival, community, and family in a harsh and often unforgiving landscape. The game draws heavily from the actual Icelandic sagas, blending historical authenticity with engaging narrative play.

What makes Sagas of the Icelanders innovative is its approach to exploring historical and cultural narratives through the lens of roleplaying. The game delves into themes of honour, power, gender, and tradition, encouraging players to not only act out these roles but to understand the societal forces at play. Gender roles are particularly emphasized, with distinct moves and narrative paths for male and female characters that reflect the period’s social dynamics. This focus on historical and cultural accuracy provides a rich backdrop for storytelling and offers a unique opportunity for players to engage with the past in a meaningful and interactive way.

Spirit of ’77

Spirit of ’77 is a high-octane journey back to the 1970s, a game that embodies the action, style, and music of the era with a healthy dose of cinematic adventure. This Powered by the Apocalypse game leans heavily into the era’s tropes, from muscle cars and disco to big hair and bell-bottoms, offering players a chance to relive the ’70s in all its outrageous glory. Whether you’re solving crimes, battling the establishment, or just trying to make it big in the music world, Spirit of ’77 provides the perfect backdrop for wild stories filled with action and adventure.

Spirit of ’77 innovates by fully embracing the era-specific tropes of the 1970s and weaving them into the fabric of its storytelling and mechanics. The game doesn’t just use the ’70s as a setting; it uses the period’s unique cultural and social dynamics as a driving force for the narrative. Players can engage in high-speed chases, navigate the complexities of the decade’s political turmoil, or immerse themselves in the underground counterculture.

The game mechanics support this vibrant setting, encouraging creative problem-solving and bold action that captures the spirit of the age. Through its imaginative integration of ’70s culture, Spirit of ’77 offers a roleplaying experience that is both a loving homage and an exciting adventure, allowing players to create their own legendary tales within the iconic era.


Epyllion invites players into a captivating world where they embody young dragons embarking on adventures and forging friendships. Set in the magical land of Dragonia, Epyllion emphasizes collaborative storytelling, where the dragons work together to solve mysteries, protect their home, and discover the true meaning of friendship. Unlike traditional RPGs that often focus on human or humanoid characters, Epyllion’s unique premise allows players to explore the world through the eyes of dragons, each with their own elemental powers, personalities, and aspirations.

Epyllion stands out for its innovative exploration of camaraderie and the journey of growing up. The game mechanics foster a sense of unity and cooperation, encouraging players to build relationships both within the dragon community and with other magical creatures they encounter. Through their adventures, the dragons learn valuable lessons about teamwork, empathy, and the power of friendship.

The game also addresses themes of personal growth and maturity, as players navigate the challenges of coming of age in a world filled with magic and mystery. Epyllion’s focus on these themes, combined with its dragon-centric perspective, offers a fresh and heartwarming take on roleplaying, making it a standout title in the Powered by the Apocalypse lineup.

Why Play Powered by the Apocalypse RPGs

Powered by the Apocalypse games stand out for their innovative approach to roleplaying, which diverges significantly from traditional RPGs. At the core of their innovation is a narrative-driven framework that emphasizes character development, player agency, and collaborative storytelling over complex rule systems and combat mechanics. These games explore a wide range of themes and settings, each offering unique perspectives and storytelling opportunities.

What truly sets these PbtA games apart is how they push the boundaries of roleplaying through their thematic focus and mechanics. By focusing on themes such as identity, friendship, power dynamics, and societal structures, they encourage players to engage deeply with the narrative and with each other’s characters. The innovative mechanics, such as the use of moves triggered by narrative actions and the emphasis on consequences and narrative progression, support and enhance these themes. This focus on storytelling and character arcs over traditional game objectives like levelling up or acquiring loot challenges players to think creatively and invest emotionally in the narrative.

By breaking away from conventional RPG frameworks and embracing a more narrative-centric approach, Powered by the Apocalypse games have redefined what roleplaying games can be, offering players and game masters alike innovative tools for storytelling and character exploration.


The exploration of Powered by the Apocalypse games underscores the vital role that innovation plays within the PbtA ecosystem. These games do more than just offer new settings or characters; they challenge traditional mechanics, explore complex themes, and prioritize narrative and character development in ways that enrich the roleplaying experience.

The innovation present in these PbtA games contributes significantly to the evolution of roleplaying games as a medium for storytelling. They demonstrate the power of roleplaying games to not only entertain but to provoke thought, evoke emotion, and build connections between players. As the PbtA ecosystem continues to grow and evolve, it stands as a testament to the creativity and passion of the roleplaying community, a community that thrives on shared stories and collective imagination.

So, take up the dice, gather your friends, and set forth on adventures that will not only challenge your perceptions of what roleplaying games can be but also leave lasting impressions on your heart and mind. The worlds of PbtA await, filled with untold stories eager for you to bring them to life.

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